Complications and Treatment for Bunion Pain Relief
January 22, 2015
What is a Bunion
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Having a bunion is a common case nowadays that pertains to the inappropriate metatarsal phalangeal joint (big toe joint) alignment. The complications may emerge due to the enlargement of the big toe base joint area or can also be caused due to the formation of a new bone adjacent to the big toe. This eventually leads the big toe to get pointed outward (Hallux valgus deformity). This sort of misalignment can eventually lead to pain, swelling, formation of bursitis (inflammation near the joint due to the fluid filling and sac formation) etc.
Causes of Bunion Pain
A glance at the causes of the emergence of Bunion chronic pain can help people to take care of their foot and avoid such occurrences. There are no precise causes stated by the orthopedic specialists that can lead to the Bunion misalignment. However, there are some probable reasons for the development of such realignments.
The abnormal foot functioning like overpronation can arise due to genetic factors inherited from the parents can be a major cause of Bunion emergence. Bunion complications due to hereditary factors generally form at a younger age.
More often wearing extremely high and pointed heel shoes have been blamed for Bunion pains. Shoes do not directly cause the misalignment but may worsen the conditions and lead to swelling, redness and severe pains.
Bunion deformities can emerge due to the unequal length of the two legs where the leg with the greater height experiences more pressure and may develop Bunion.
Bunion symptoms can also result due to the presence of neuromuscular disorders or the nerve inflammation near the big toe. If there has been a fracture or broken bone in the adjacent area, then the misalignment can lead to bunions.
Skin irritation near the bunion area due to unusual enlargement
Stiffness and painful joints near the big toe
Inappropriate positioning of the big toe inclined towards the other toes
Formation of redness near the joints
Chronic pain experience while wearing foot wear
Bunion symptoms are often regarded as gout complications. However, there are certain differences in these cases. The bunion pain remains continuously until some steps are taken while the gout pain occurs between intervals. Bunion trouble results due to the deformity of the joints.
Upon the emergence of the above mentioned symptoms, doctors attempt to diagnose the Bunion problems. During the examination, the anatomy of the foot is considered to find the position of the bones and the joints. X ray films are taken in a standing position through Radiography to detect the conditions beneath the foot and exact position of the joints. This is also helpful in finding if there is any sort of gout or arthritis complications in the adjacent areas.
The Bunion may either be painful or without any complications. In case of the absence of pain, the patients may not require any treatment. While painful Bunions require a treatment to ensure you can carry out your regular activities. The Bunion treatment can be categorized under three groups:
Non Surgical Bunion Treatment: The non surgical procedures involve the implementation of some support system for the toes to ensure bunion pain relief.
Bunion Pad Support: The Bunion pads are uniquely designed to provide support at the bottom of the foot adjacent to the big toe. The pad is placed at the back side of the big toe and the below the foot to ward off the pressure on the painful areas. Since there are many brands selling Bunion pads of different shapes, it is very important to purchase the properly designed one. Consult your doctor to get the best one.
Medicines: There are several non prescription medicines available in the market that can provide effective relief to your bunion pain. Tylenol (a kind of acetaminophen), non-steroid based anti-inflammatory property enhanced medicines such as aspirins can provide great relief. However to select the right alternative, consult your doctor.
Physiotherapy: This is one of the most effective non surgical treatments that can effectively provide great results to cure the complications completely. The Physiotherapy movements and muscle relaxation for proper positioning of the nerves and the bones need to be executed under expert guidance to achieve utmost success.
Surgical Bunion Treatment: The surgery is recommended to patients who do not benefit from the non surgical treatments.
Phalangeal Osteotomy: Almost same to the Metatarsal Osteotomy. The bone wedges are removed from the toe.
Lapidus Procedure: The surgeon conducts a joint fusion in the area where the mid foot joins the metatarsal bone.
Bunionectomy or Exostectomy: This surgery is conducted to remove the portion of the lump or foot swelling out.
Some precautions are important during the post surgical period. The stitches need to be kept free from water contact during the entire period. The stitches are removed after a period of about 2 to 3 weeks as per the case. During this period there are certain restrictions in the diet, daily physical activities etc. Following them is mandatory for quick recovery.
Home Remedies for Bunion Pain:
Cozy Shoes: Soft roomy shoes can be worn at home that has spacious toe boxes to keep the toes in proper position. The foot pad should be soft enough with flat soles and supportive arches to ensure comfortable walking.
Ice Application: Put some ice cubes in a cloth and wrap properly. Apply them to the swollen area of the foot for bunion pain relief. Do not exceed the application time more than 20 minutes at an instance.
Researches and statistics reveal that women are at a greater risk compared to men in developing Bunion problems. Wearing extremely tight footwear, narrow toed designed shoes and pointed high heels can raise the possibilities of Bunion formation. Those who remain barefoot are at a less risk that those who wear shoes most of the time of the day.
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